美国投资移民常见问题

July 13, 2009 作者:  
类别:地区中心, 常见问题, 投资移民

我们收到很多朋友的来信,询问投资移民申请的相关问题。 这里做过总结,希望对申请人有所帮助。

1. 什么是美国EB-5投资移民方案?
答:EB-5投资移民方案是美国移民法中针对海外投资移民所设立的移民签证类别,简称“EB-5”,它是美国所有移民类别中,申请核准时间最短,资格条件限制最少的一条便捷通道。

2. “EB-5”投资移民方案的主要内容是什么?
答:根据EB-5签证规则,人们可以依据以下任一项而取得EB-5资格:
a. 在美国任何地方投资一百万美元并至少雇请十位雇员;
b. 在国家认可的低就业地区投资五十万美元并至少雇请十位雇员;
c. 在经政府批准的“区域中心”(Regional Center)投资五十万美元。

3. 什么是美国区域中心移民方案?
答:为了吸引国外资金集中投资于政府特别规划核准的地区,以有效促进地方经济发展,美国政府于2002年起,在EB-5移民法规中特别设立一项“区域中心移民方案”即投资于美国并创造十个就业机会”的规定,放宽为“可直接或间接创造十个就业机会”。

4. 美国有哪些“区域中心”?
答:经过美国政府严格、繁复的审核,至今共有60多家“地区中心”得到批准。地区中心项目

5. EB-5区域中心和传统式EB-5方案的不同之处是什么?
答:传统式EB-5方案是投资移民人需设立一个企业,自行经营管理并直接雇用10个全职的美国雇员。 EB-5区域中心为移民投资人投资在该区域中心已获得美国公民和移民服务局核准的投资项目,无须直接经营管理,并可直接和间接的履行创造就业机会的规定。地区中心项目一般收取2-5万美元的基金发行费和项目管理费。

6. 每年“EB-5”签证的名额有限制吗?
答:有的。目前美国政府每年授予EB-5签证的名额有10,000个,其中有5000个名额保留给选择投资于“地区中心”内的投资人。

7. 申请“EB-5”移民的条件有哪些?
答:美国“EB-5”对申请人的条件相当宽松,投资人年满21岁,不受任何商业背景、年龄、教育程度及语言能力的限制,只要证明其投资资金来源为合法取得。在获得条件性 EB-5 投资移民签证前投资人必须递交健康检查报告,并通过领事馆对其个人的健康状况进行审核。还有一点就是吴犯罪记录。

8. 什么人可以申请EB-5移民?
答:第五类优先移民的投资人来自各种不同的背景:有专业人士、企业家、退休人员、或是为子女升学着想的父母。投资移民签证准许在美国求职,并不一定规定本人亲自经营投资的生意。假如你的目的只是在拿到绿卡,而不想经营生意,用第五类投资移民申请,通常比自己在人地生疏的地方开创企业、惨淡经营,还经济实惠。外国投资移民必须投入规定金额的资金,自己创办新的生意,或亲身参与经营才可符合资格;并且证实这项投资确实能在美国境内创造规定数量以上的全职就业机会,造福美国经济。

9. 如果申请不成功,50万能拿回来吗?

答: 可以。 50万加项目管理费先放入监管帐户,I-526批准后资金进入项目。I-526被拒后资金返回投资人。

10. 申请“EB-5”移民,需要多久才能获得“绿卡”?

答:一般而言,符合资格的申请人可在资料备齐送件后的二至三个月,即可获知其申请是否被美国移民局批准,并于六至八个月内获发有条件的移民签证(有条件限制绿卡)。 具体申请程序,请参考:http://maplescg.com/?p=46

  • Winsor Pilates


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